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Septic Systems

About Septic Systems

Septic systems treat and disperse small volumes of wastewater from apartments, homes and commercial buildings. Septic system regulation is the responsibility of local and state governments.  The EPA provides information to homeowners and assistance to state and local governments in order to improve the management of septic tanks and to prevent unnecessary failures that could harm human health and water quality.  

How Does a Septic System Work?

A typical septic system has four main components: a pipe from the home, a septic tank, a  drainfield, and the soil. Microbes in the soil work to digest and remove  contaminants from wastewater before it eventually reaches groundwater. The septic tank is a waterwieght containter that is made of concrete, polythylene, or fiberglass and is buried underground.  It holds the wastewater long enough to allow solids to settle out (forming sludge), and oil and grease to float to the surface (as scum). It also allows partial decomposition of the solid materials. Compartments and a T-shaped outlet in the septic tank prevent the formed sludge and scum from exiting the tank and traveling into the drainfield area. Screens are also recommended to keep solids from entering the drainfield. The wastewater exits the septic tank and is discharged into the drainfield for further treatment by the soil. Micro-organisms in the soil provide final treatment by removing harmful bacteria, viruses and nutrients.

Take Action Now - Care For Your Septic System:

In the end, your septic system is your responsibility. Take care of it and save yourself money in the future.

Browse the products below to learn more about how you can easily care for your septic system: