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Septic Systems

About Septic Systems

Septic systems treat and disperse small volumes of wastewater from apartments, homes, and commercial buildings. Septic system regulation is the responsibility of local and state governments. The EPA provides information to homeowners and assistance to state and local governments to improve the management of septic tanks and prevent unnecessary failures that could harm human health and water quality.  

How Does a Septic System Work?

A typical septic system has four main components: a pipe from home, a septic tank, a drain field, and soil—microbes in the soil work to digest and remove contaminants from wastewater before it eventually reaches groundwater. The septic tank is a watertight container made of concrete, polyethylene, or fiberglass and buried underground. It holds the wastewater long enough to allow solids to settle out (forming sludge) and oil and grease to float to the surface (as scum). It also allows the partial decomposition of solid materials. Compartments and a T-shaped outlet in the septic tank prevent the formed sludge and scum from exiting the tank and traveling into the drain field area. Screens are also recommended to keep solids from entering the drain field. The wastewater exits the septic tank and is discharged into the drain field for further treatment by the soil. Microorganisms in the soil provide definitive treatment by removing harmful bacteria, viruses, and nutrients.

Take Action Now - Care For Your Septic System:

In the end, your septic system is your responsibility. Take care of it and save yourself money in the future.

Browse the products below to learn more about how you can easily care for your septic system: